Rothenburg ob der Taube is a quintessential small German town nestled between its original medieval walls and untouched by the ravages of war.
The name "Rothenburg ob der Tauber" means, "Red fortress above the Tauber". This is so because the town is located on a plateau overlooking the Tauber River.
At one time the city was one of the 20 largest cities of the Holy Roman Empire and a site of pilgrammage. After a seige during the 30 Years War and the Black Death in 1634 the city was left without any money or power. Rothenburg stopped growing, thus preserving its 17th-century state.
There is a legend that the Burgermeister Nusch (mayor) was offered a chance by General Tilly of the Catholic League to save the town from burning and destruction during a seige in the 30 years. Nusch was promised that Tilly's troops would not destroy the town, if he could drink 3,25 liters of wine in one go. So Mayor Nusch did that, the so called 'Meistertrunk' - Master drink. The town hall displays this every day at noon with a carillion and moving figurines.
Note below the narrow cobblestone streets. Vehicle traffic is limited in the city.
Many Towns are known for their distinctive skylines. Often they are a mix of architectural styles and periods.